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本次續講<閻羅王眾讚歎品第八>後半。段貞夙老師依著經文,說道「初發心時成正覺,如是二心初心難。」讓我們了解「發一個真正想求明白的心」是如此不易,但這個初心,保證了未來必定成佛的箇中緣由。

 

In this lecture, the Teacher Susan Duan, continued to teach the second half of “Chapter 8: The Praise of King Yama and His Retinue”. In accordance with the scriptures, the Teacher illustrated “At the very beginning of making vows to attain enlightenment and mindfulness, it has been predestined for one to become Buddha. However, to make such vows is more difficult.” to make us understand that it is not easy to “initially make a vow to really seek for self-awareness”, but such initiative is a guarantee of the reason of becoming a Buddha in the future.

 

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老師接著透過大菩薩以寄位做鬼王的方式,利益眾生的大慈悲心與善巧方便,讓我們明白自己平常該做什麼、不該做什麼,才能真的幫助到自己與親友。例如菩薩寄位的主命鬼王說人們在婦女生產前,一家人都知道要做善事,積福修德以求母子平安,但是往往當生產順利後,人們卻又殺生大擺酒肉宴席以為慶祝,殊不知產難時,其實有無數惡鬼等候在一旁欲食腥血,人們之所以能生產順利,是主命鬼王之前就囑咐各土地靈祇去衛護,但人們事後的殺生造業,卻使得母子受損。

 

The Teacher then told us the Bodhisattvas’ compassion and convenience of benefiting the beings in the way of making manifestation of Ghost Kings to make us realize what we should and should not do in our daily life to really help our relatives and ourselves. For example, the Ghost King Presiding Over Life who is manifested by the Bodhisattva says that before women give birth to baby, the family knows that they have to do good deeds to pray for safety of both the mother and child, but once the childbirth is safe, people always kill to make a great feast of eating meat and drinking alcohol to celebrate. However, they don’t know that during the difficult time of childbirth, there are countless evil ghosts who were waiting for consuming the foul blood, the reason both the mother and child are able to be safe is the Ghost King Presiding Over Life had requested the local earth spirits of that household to protect the mother and child.  However, people generate bad karma due to kill after the childbirth and consequently harm the mother and child.

 

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此外,該品裡也說當人們臨命終時,不論此人在生時是善還是惡,主命鬼王其實都想幫助亡者不要墮落投生到惡道,這時候身旁親友能給亡者最好的幫助,就是為這位臨終人稱念佛名、菩薩名,或唸誦大乘經典即使一句話,如此都能幫助此臨終人的靈識與佛菩薩結緣,得到佛的接引,即使之前惡業深重至極,都可以得到翻轉的機會,投生人天善道。老師闡述,那是因為任何時候都是新的機會,永遠不嫌晚,一旦當下種了「善因」在心識中,加上諸佛菩薩的願力,必能夠結出「善果」。

 

In addition, the chapter said that when people are on the verge of death, regardless of they have done good or evil during their lifetime, the Ghost King Presiding Over Life wishes to keep the deceased from falling into the lower realms. At this moment, the best help the relatives can give to the deceased are chanting a Buddha’s name, a Bodhisattva’s name, or even a sentence or a verse from the Mahayana Sutras. It will help the dying person’s spirit attach to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas and get the Buddha’s guidance, even though the bad karma was so deep and heavy, they still can get the opportunity to turn over and reborn in the human or heaven realm. The Teacher said that’s because every moment is the new chance, and it’s never too late. Once the “good cause” is planted in our mind, with the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas’ power of vows, it definitely can bear "good fruit."

 

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下半場,老師講解<稱佛名號品第九>,地藏菩薩因著主命鬼王說臨終念佛的功德如此之大,於是當下稱念了十九尊佛名,並說明稱念佛號的不可思議利益,例如只要眾生聽到某佛名號,即使只是一剎那恭敬,就能夠超越多劫的生死重罪、投身至天道享樂,乃至得到無量諸佛的教化,得到究竟解脫。

 

In the second half, the Teacher explained “Chapter 9 : Reciting the Names of Buddhas” for us, as the Ghost King Presiding Over Life says the great merits of reciting the Buddha’s name when a person is dying, the Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva recites 19 Buddhas’ names and interprets the incredible benefit of reciting the Buddhas’ names. For example, as long as the sentient beings hear a Buddha’s name, even if only giving rise to reverence momentarily, they will transcend many kalpas of severe torments of samsara, reborn in the heaven realm and experience excellent and wonderful happiness, even be enlightened by numerous Buddhas and attain ultimate liberation.

 

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如果不了解其中因果理路,我們可能會因為不相信,於是不會學著做,例如「怎麼可能光是聽聞到某佛名號就可以不墮惡道?那麽,此人之前所造的惡業難道就不受惡果報應?」因此,老師慈悲地特別詳細分析其中道理,使我們明白。於是我們生起信心,深生珍重,有這樣殊勝的因緣聽到諸佛名號,為自己種下信解行證的第一步。當下真的非常感動與感恩於諸佛菩薩的慈悲,更體會到「佛法無人說,雖慧莫能了」,現在瞭解了原來自己一直被無私的愛環繞著,只要照著經文上的方法做,就能得到救拔。

 

If we don’t understand the cause and effect mentioned in the scripture ‘s context, we may not learn to do because of not trusting, for example, “how can it be possible that only hearing a Buddha’s name can avoid a person from falling into lower realms? And what about the bad karma the person has sowed? Surely the person doesn’t need to reap bad karmic retribution?” Therefore, the Teacher compassionately analyzed the reason in detail to make us understand. So our confidence and the heart of cherishing rose for that we could have such wonderful opportunity to hear the Buddhas’ names to take the first step of “faith, understanding, practice and verification”. We were really so touched and grateful for the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas’ compassion, and then we further realized the meaning of ”Without a teacher, even the wise can’t understand the Dharma.” It was not until the Teacher’s teaching that we knew we have been surrounded by such unconditional love, and we can be rescued from sufferings as long as we follow the methods indicated in the scripture.  

 

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最後,在熱烈的聞法氛圍中,大家都踴躍提問,想求明白,老師也智慧善巧地為我們解惑。整場講座結束,大家都覺得充實歡喜,得到了力量,知道如何回到生活,面對眼前的各種挑戰與學習。

 

Finally, in the warm atmosphere of learning the Dharma, attendants were proactively and enthusiastically raising questions with a heart of seeking for self-awareness, and the Teacher also answered our questions with wisdom and convenience. After the lecture, everyone felt enriched and delightful, gaining strength and knowing how to return to life to face all the challenges and learning in life.

 

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(附註:本次講座更多相關照片,請至部落格相簿 http://pureclassroom.pixnet.net/album/set/16484394 觀賞。)

 

(more photos of the Lecture are at http://pureclassroom.pixnet.net/album/set/16484394 )

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