Before this lecture, the Teacher especially sent us a LINE message a few days ago to inform us that we will learn the very important "Chapter 10: Comparing the Conditions and Virtues of Giving" in the coming lecture. So we all came with delightful and joyful heart on this day.
In order to help us understand the meaning of giving and dedication in the Chapter 10, the Teacher began with a clear and orderly analysis to make us understand the reason why we are unable to leave the suffering samsara is just that we crave for our belongings, such as a craving for comfort and ease, and psychological desire for affirmation. The Teacher mentioned that we ordinary people as beginners of Dharma learning still can't live without craving or stop craving, but at least we admit that we have craving at first. It is not moral self-blaming, but helps us keep awareness when we face "Desire", then we can properly deal with the desire and practice to reduce a little craving when we face the desire. Giving, is not only the convenient way to counter craving, but also the first step to help us achieve the first step of gaining the ultimate happiness and keeping from sufferings.
In the process of explanation, the Teacher made an incisive analysis of the "Fearless Giving" which seems to be done most easily but people do not do. Then we realized that we often say that "I am embarrassed to care for or comfort others", in fact, in the depth of the subconsciousness, we are afraid that others will show ignoring or unhappiness about our caring, and the fear reflects that we are still craving and asking for the affirmation of others even when we express our caring to others. It is very reverse, just like asking for things from a drowning person. Therefore, when we do "fearless giving" to others(care for and comfort others), we are dealing with our distorted psychological greed.
Therefore, the first beneficiary of the giving is actually oneself. The Teacher continued to explain, whether or not dedicating the merits to the sentient beings of Dharma realm after doing the "Giving" has huge impact to the result of "Giving". And the Teacher especially illustrated that "What is dedication?" with the remarkable rationales of the Hua-yen (Avatamsaka) Sutra.
After listening to the Teacher's in-depth analysis, when we entered the chapter 10, we easily understood the rationales behind the text, and knew in life and practice how to do “Giving”--the self-reliance method that leads us away from sufferings and to gain happiness. Thanks to the Buddha, Dharma, Sangha and the Teacher, for enabling us to get this wonderful method of benefiting both ourselves and others.
On the day of September 21, it happened to be the 20th anniversary of the 921 Earthquake in Taiwan. We would like to return all the merits of listening to the Sutra lecture and learning the Dharma today to all the sentient beings in this land and even the Dharma Realm.